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Wirral LEA 11+ Question Types 13 & 14

Author: Mike Edwards Published: 5th October 2010 14:50

The fifth in a series of articles by Mike Edwards of The Tutors, relating to the Wirral LEA 11+ Method & Technique Course.

In previous weeks I have posted three question types at a time. This week I am posting two separate articles. Question Type 15 needs to looked at independently of all the other question types. If this is the first article you have seen, please look at the links below to the previous articles for question types 1-12.

Question Type 13 Make a Word

 In these questions, the word in the middle of the second group is made in the same way as the word in the middle of the first group. Find the word that is missing in the second group and mark it on the answer sheet.

Example 1

(cope [soap] fads)
(fete [????] snug)

This is a little difficult to type up in e-mail, please bare with me.

First, number the middle word 1-4

s = 1
o = 2
a = 3
p = 4

You need to ask yourself the question "Where did the leters in the middleof the first set of words come from?"

Write the matching number over the letters in the outside words

o = 2
p = 4

a = 3
s = 1

You can now work out the missing word be selecting the matching letters from the second pair of words.

e = 2
t = 4

n = 3
g = 1

This gives the word "gent"

On the answer sheet you will be given 5 options to choose from, but I have omitted these because I think it is important that the student works through the full question initially.

Example 2

(roped [spare] scrap)
(fuels [?????] meaty)

First, number the middle word 1-5

s = 1
p = 2
a = 3
r = 4
e = 5

Write the matching number over the letters in the outside words

r = 4
p = 2
e = 5

s = 1
r = 4
a = 3
p = 2

Some of the numbers can be more than one letter.

1 = m
2 = e or y
3 = t
4 = f or a
5 = l

Reading down the possible answers, the only proper word is "metal"

Example 3

(brown [sown] lose)
(bleat [????] tribe)

Can you see that the 2nd word in the sets are of a different length?

The numbering technique does not work for this example.

"se" in sewn are the last 2 letters of lose, and "wn" in sewn are the last 2 letters of brown.

Apply this information to the bottom pair of words.

"be" are the last 2 letters of tribe, and "at" are the last 2 letters of bleat.

This gives the word "beat"

*Note: sometimes you can make more than one word, however only one correct answer will be in the multiple-choice list.

Sample Questions

(raw [zap] zip)
(dry [???] toy)

(dove [down] wing)
(work [????] redo)

(depth [wipe] width)
(swarm [????] drone)

(sauce [piece] spice)
(level [?????] years)


Question Type 14 Letter Connections


The above alphabet is there to help you with these questions. Find the letters that complete each question in the best way and mark the correct answer on the answer sheet.

Example 1

AB is to CD
as PQ is to (??)

Always add V W X Y Z to the beginning of the alpahabet and A B C D E to the end of it.

Note: In these question we are not looking for a link between A and B or C and D.
We are going to look at 1st letters A and C, then 2nd letters B and D

A to C is forward 2 (f2)
So P (f2) is R

B to D is (f2)
So Q (f2) is S

The correct answer is RS

Example 2

AB is to ZY
as CD is to (??)

In Question Types 3 and 9, Word-Letter Codes and Letter Series I have given examples where you count an equal number of places in from the beginning of the alphabet as you do from the end, i.e.

A = Z
B = Y
C = X

AB is to ZY
as CD is to XW

is the correct answer.

Example 3

AB is to YZ
as CD is to (??)

This question is similar to example 2

AB is to YZ, can you see that the Y and Z are reversed?

Apply this method to CD
CD would normally = XW, so if we reverse this to WX we get the correct answer.

Sample Questions

DG is to EH
as CK is to (??)

NP is to QL
as DX is to (??)

ND is to RX
as WK is to (??)

WA is to CW
as UC is to (??)

Mike Edwards

Related content:

Wirral LEA Question Types 1,2 & 3
Wirral 11+ Question Types 4,5 & 6
Wirral 11+ Question Types 7,8 & 9
Wirral 11+ Question Types 10,11 & 12
Wirral 11+ Question Type 15
Wirral 11+ Question Types 16,17 & 18
Wirral 11+ Question Types 19, 20 & 21
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J Hughes
At 16:33 on 9th October 2010, J Hughes commented:
I have been following your course and have found it very helpful. My daugher found some of the questions quite difficult. Are they as hard in the actual test?
At 17:37 on 11th October 2010, TheTutors commented:
Thanks for your query
Firstly, there are three aspects to the 11+ test vocabulary based english, mathematics and logic reasoning. Most children find difficulty in one of these areas.
Secondly, there is a range of difficulty levels in the test, the course that I have been posting contains four questions for each question type and are based on four difficulty levels. Level 1 is below the level of the test, level 2 is the lowest difficulty in the test, level 3 is typical of the majority of the 11+ content and Level 4 contains questions that are "unusual" but do occur in the test.
It is important to realise that children do not need to be working at 100% accuracy levels, they will get some questions wrong, but if they are struggling with specific question types, these are the ones that they need to practice. Keep going back to the method & technique course for guidance.

If you want me to post a guide on how to complete any question just post a query giving the question type number and the question number.



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